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SCALEXIO Processing Unit

Product lines for high core performance and high parallel performance

SCALEXIO Processing Units are ideal for high-performance applications with complex models with a large amount of I/O. The unit can be installed in a SCALEXIO rack or used on a desk.

The SCALEXIO Processing Units are based on an industrial PC with an Intel® XEON® processor, a real-time operating system, and an IOCNET plug-on card for communication with the I/O and with other real-time processors. A Processing Unit can be equipped with four or eight IOCNET ports. You can use IOCNET ports to connect multiple SCALEXIO Processing Units to set up multiprocessor systems or to couple a DS100x-based system to a SCALEXIO Processing Unit via Gigalink. One of the available processor cores is reserved for system services, the others can be used for computing real-time models.

High Core Performance

The SCALEXIO Processing Unit with a XEON® E3-1275v6 processor is ideally suited for all applications that require a strong computation performance on each individual core. Therefore, it is the main Processing Unit for hardware-in-the-loop testing systems that covers all applications, such as vehicle dynamics or electric drive simulations. 

Key Benefits

The Processing Unit with a XEON® E3 processor is tailored for processing sophisticated and complex models with a large amount of I/O. The highest core performance enables the handling of the large data volumes in modern bus communications, such as Ethernet or FlexRay. Using a dedicated core for system services minimizes negative effects on the real-time performance. The high-performance host interface allows for the observation of a large number of signals.

High Parallel Performance

The SCALEXIO Processing Unit with a XEON® E5-2640v3 processor provides eight cores and is especially geared towards customers who often have to compute very large simulation models in parallel, for example, for vehicle dynamics simulation with detailed chassis and tire models. This enables engineers to use high-fidelity, physically realistic models, increases model accuracy, and makes HIL simulations more realistic.

Key Benefits

The Processing Unit with a XEON® E5 processor is ideal for the parallel execution of complex and computationally intensive simulation models. Using a dedicated core for system services minimizes negative effects on the real-time performance. A high-performance host interface allows for the observation of a large number of signals.

Parameter

Specification

(High Core Performance)

Specification

(High Parallel Performance)

Processor
  • Intel XEON® E3-1275v6
  • Frequency: 3.8 GHz
  • Number of cores: 4
    • 3 cores for model computation
    • 1 core for services, e.g., host communication
  • Intel XEON® E5-2640v3
  • Frequency: 2.6 GHz
  • Number of cores: 8
    • 7 cores for model computation
    • 1 core for services, e.g., host communication
Memory
  • L1 cache: 32 + 32 kB (data + instructions)
  • L2 cache: 256 kB
  • L3 cache: 8 MB
  • 16 GB RAM
  • L1 cache: 32 + 32 kB (data + instructions)
  • L2 cache: 256 kB
  • L3 cache: 20 MB
  • 8 GB RAM
Solid State Disk (SSD), optional
  • Data recording and replay
  • Capacity: 480 GB
  • Data recording and replay
  • Capacity: 480 GB
Angular processing unit (APU)
  • 6 APUs on the DS2502 IOCNET Link Board
  • Angular resolution: 0.011°
  • Speed range: ± 28,610 rpm
  • Speed resolution: 0.109 rpm
  • 6 APUs on the DS2502 IOCNET Link Board
  • Angular resolution: 0.011°
  • Speed range: ± 28,610 rpm
  • Speed resolution: 0.109 rpm
IOCNET Interface 4 or 8 IOCNET connectors on the DS2502 IOCNET Link Board (can be optionally used as Gigalink connectors) 4 or 8 IOCNET connectors on the DS2502 IOCNET Link Board (can be optionally used as Gigalink connectors)
PCI Express/PCI1) Interface
  • 2x PCI
  • 5x PCIe (2x x16, 1x x8, 2x x4)
  • 4x PCIe x16 interfaces
  • 2x PCIe x4 interfaces
Ethernet interface
  • Integrated low-latency Gigabit Ethernet I/O interface
  • Additional ports via SCALEXIO Ethernet Boards
  • Integrated low-latency Gigabit Ethernet I/O interface
  • Additional ports via SCALEXIO Ethernet Boards
Serial interface RS232 interface with standard UART allowing transfer rates up to 480.6 kBaud RS232 interface with standard UART allowing transfer rates up to 480.6 kBaud
Host interface Gigabit Ethernet Gigabit Ethernet
Multiprocessor system Building multiprocessor systems with more SCALEXIO Processing Units and/or processor boards Building multiprocessor systems with more SCALEXIO Processing Units and/or processor boards
Cooling Active cooling Active cooling
Ambient temperature Operating temperature 0 °C ... 40 °C (32 °F ... 104 °F) Operating temperature 0 °C ... 40 °C (32 °F ... 104 °F)
Operating humidity 5% … 95% (non-condensing environment) 5% … 95% (non-condensing environment)
Size (width x height x depth)
  • Rack-mount version: 483 x 132 x 400 mm (19.0 x 5.2 x 15.7 in)
  • Desktop version: 428 x 132 x 400 mm (16.9 x 5.2 x 15.7 in)
  • 19-inch subrack
  • 3 height unit (H)
  • Rack-mount version: 483 x 132 x 400 mm (19.0 x 5.2 x 15.7 in)
  • Desktop version: 428 x 132 x 400 mm (16.9 x 5.2 x 15.7 in)
  • 19-inch subrack
  • 3 height unit (H)
Mass approx. 12 kg approx. 12 kg
Power supply 100 ... 240 V AC, 50/60 Hz, 500 W 100 ... 240 V AC, 50/60 Hz, 500 W
1) Only dSPACE products and dSPACE qualified products can be used with the PCI and PCIe slots. Please contact dSPACE for more information.

To form a powerful real-time system for function testing, the SCALEXIO Processing Units have to be extended by the required I/O and bus interfaces. Therefore, a SCALEXIO LabBox can be connected to the processing hardware via IOCNET.

The SCALEXIO Hypervisor Extension is an add-on for the SCALEXIO Processing Units that provides a virtualized standard real-time Linux distribution on SCALEXIO. The Linux distribution can be used in parallel to the real-time operating system of the SCALEXIO Processing Unit, with an internal communication link enabling low-latency data exchange between the two. The SCALEXIO Hypervisor Extension makes it possible to use Linux-based modeling and simulation tools and allows for a reuse of existing models, such as Functional Mock-up Units that were developed in an earlier development phase. The virtualization helps reduce hardware maintenance costs and saves hardware installation space, because you do not need additional external PCs. The software comes with built-in remote desktop support for easy graphical access and direct file exchange with the host PC, which simplifies the software installation and backup process.

ConfigurationDesk Logiciel de configuration et d'implémentation pour le matériel temps réel de dSPACE ControlDesk Logiciel universel d'expérimentation pour le développement de calculateur AutomationDesk Puissant outil de création et d’automatisation des tests pour les tests HIL des calculateurs Automotive Simulation Models Suite d’outils destinés à la simulation de moteurs, de la dynamique véhicule, du système électrique et de l’environnement de circulation DS2601 Signal Measurement Board HighFlex board for measuring ECU output signals DS2621 Signal Generation Board HighFlex board for simulating ECU input signals DS2671 Bus Board HighFlex board for connecting to different bus systems DS2642 FIU & Power Switch Board HighFlex board for power-switching with Failure Insertion Unit DS2680 I/O Unit Unité MultiCompact pour les applications moteurs et de dynamique du véhicule DS2690 Digital I/O Board MultiCompact board for vehicle body scenarios DS6101 Multi-I/O Board SCALEXIO I/O board with signal conditioning for automotive systems DS6201 Digital I/O Board Carte d'E/S SCALEXIO avec 96 voies d'E/S numériques bidirectionnelles DS2907 Battery Simulation Controller Contrôle de l'alimentation de puissance pour la simulation de la batterie DS2655 FPGA Base Board SCALEXIO I/O board with user-programmable FPGA Carte Ethernet DS6331-PE La carte DS6331 fournit des ports Ethernet supplémentaires pour la SCALEXIO Processing Unit SCALEXIO Fieldbus Solution Connecting a SCALEXIO system to various fieldbus types SCALEXIO LabBox Un système temps réel modulaire compact Système de rack SCALEXIO Les simulateurs HIL SCALEXIO sur étagère sont disponibles avec jusqu’à 12 unités de hauteur Système de rack personnalisé SCALEXIO Le système de rack personnalisé SCALEXIO propose un concept de simulateur modulaire.