Steering Systems

Testing electromechanical power steering systems

To meet your individual requirements, we offer scalable solutions for testing electromechanical power steering systems and components, from testing at the signal-level and testing with electronic loads, which can emulate an electric motor with real currents and voltages, to dynamic test benches.


Steering systems are usually very complex, which means that they require highly dynamic mechatronic test benches for extensive testing.

Apart from the accelerator and brake pedals, the steering wheel is one of the most important control elements in a vehicle. In addition to the classic front-axle steering, which is supported by an electric motor in today’s vehicles, innovative concepts such as rear-axle steering or complete steer-by-wire steering systems are increasingly being developed. 

The most common steering concept today is front-axle electric power steering (EPS), which involves an electric motor to support the driver during steering. Steer-by-wire steering systems, however, do not have a mechanical connection between the steering wheel and the steered wheels. The system components are connected by electrical means only, which means that a traditional (mechanical) steering column is no longer required. Regardless of the actual concept, all steering systems have one thing in common: An electronic control unit (ECU) is needed to manage the interaction between the various mechanical, electrical, and electronic components, which makes the systems highly complex. To ensure that the steering systems are operated safely, they must pass numerous tests before being introduced to the market. In very early development stages, software-in-the-loop (SIL) testing helps to test new functions, such as lane keeping or automatic parking, and the control algorithms of the electric motor itself. As a next step, the related ECU can be stressed in every conceivable situation during hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) testing at the signal level. These tests do not require a real motor or real power electronic components. However, when it comes to testing the real power electronics, our dSPACE power HIL systems come into play. These systems supply real currents and real voltages to emulate the real motor. To achieve full test coverage, all real parts, including the motor or the complete steering mechanics, must be added to the test setup. Finally, dynamic mechatronic test benches are required to complete the tests. Using these test benches, you can apply mechanical load torques or forces even to those parts of the real system that are physically incorporated into the test setup. 

dSPACE Solution

Contact dSPACE to get the perfect test bench for your steering system.

For testing electromechanical power steering components and even complete steering systems, dSPACE offers a wide portfolio of systems that can be applied throughout the entire development process, from testing at the signal level to power HIL testing at either the electrical or the mechanical power level. These test systems range from small and compact rotary test benches to large, high-performance steering test benches using linear actuators for applications that require maximum dynamics and precision.  

Selected Use Cases

High-Performance Steering Test Bench

We offer test benches for applications that require maximum dynamics and precision. Learn how to test electric power steering (EPS) systems using a HIL simulator and a high-performance steering test bench from dSPACE.

Modular Rotary Steering Test Bench

In addition to EPS systems, it is also possible to test superposition steering. Learn how you can use our test benches to test steering systems with rotary steering support on the steering column.

Production Software for Safety-Related E-Mobility Applications

Transfer function models to production code efficiently and in compliance with safety standards.

Selected Success Stories

Brilliance: Test Bench in Control

To develop new chassis control strategies, Brilliance has built a laboratory setup consisting of a combined dSPACE steering and brake system test bench.

HELLA: It’s the right strategy that counts

For developing the next generation of electric power steering systems, HELLA relies on new test strategies and systems. In parallel to developing the steering system, HELLA and dSPACE Consulting are working on an innovative test strategy that meets the highest safety requirements.

Porsche: A Test of Character for Steering Systems

Is it possible to test drive the steering behavior of a vehicle realistically under laboratory conditions? Yes. Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG has effectively optimized the behavior of new steering systems in early development phases using a suitable mechatronic test rig.

JTEKT: Safe Steering

The development of electric power steering systems must meet stringent safety requirements. Japanese steering system manufacturer JTEKT has introduced an ISO-26262-compliant process and a powerful test system for ECU development.

Video Success Stories Use Cases

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