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ASM Drivetrain Basic

Real-time simulation model of a dual clutch transmission

The ASM Drivetrain Basic model simulates the mechanics and hydraulics of a dual clutch transmission with physical precision. It can be used to represent the longitudinal dynamic behavior of a vehicle with different transmission configurations.

Application Areas

  • Test of dual clutch transmission control units
  • Longitudinal vehicle simulation (e.g., for testing powertrain control units)

Dual Clutch Transmission Tests

Testing dual clutch transmission (DCT) control systems requires a sophisticated simulation of the coupled mechanical and hydraulic parts. Depending on the shaft speeds of the DCT gearbox, the control unit requests a preselection of the most probable gear by actuating hydraulic valves that create a movement of mechanically synchronized elements. As soon as the shaft speeds reach an adequate range, the next gear is engaged and the control unit smoothly moves from one output shaft to the other by actuating both clutches.

Model Implementation

In order to provide a real-time-capable model that can be used for DCT systems of different topologies, a general approach was implemented, which lets you parameterize the system (e.g., gear distribution on the output shaft) or adapt the system directly in the open Simulink model. A soft ECU is provided with the dynamic simulation model to control the DCT system without the real controller. As soon as a real ECU is available, the actuator loops can be switched from the virtual to the real controller.

Components and Characteristics

  • Ready-to-use physical demo model for dual clutch transmission systems
  • Soft ECU for automatic transmissions, including conventional systems, automated manual transmission systems as well as dual clutch transmission systems
  • Map-based combustion engine simulation with fuel consumption estimation
  • Empirical simulation of conventional transmission systems
  • Physical simulation of mechanics and hydraulics of a dual clutch transmission system (also applicable for automated manual transmission systems)
  • Longitudinal vehicle dynamics simulation
  • Simulation of longitudinal driver behavior for realistic pedal and gear actuation

Longitudinal Driving Characteristics

Longitudinal driving simulation is commonly used in test scenarios of powertrain control units to follow a given reference velocity. The vehicle resistances, such as slope and aerodynamics as well as the driver capabilities, such as pedal actuation and gear shifting, have to be modeled. Depending on whether the vehicle velocity is defined as a reference signal or the gears and/or pedal positions are provided as stimulus signals, there are several use cases for the driver that have to be taken into account for simulation. Each operation mode has to be simulated as realistically as possible to also account for efficiency analysis. Furthermore, situations such as engine startup/stall, gear skipping (e.g., truck applications), and adaptable clutch actuating behavior during gear shifting are only some examples of a highly flexible longitudinal driver implementation.